Israel had several covenants with God in her history and these covenants defined her relationship with God. Many of God’s covenants with Israel were fulfilled in Jesus as 2 Corinthians reminds us that all of the promises find their “yes” in Christ. However, the relationship between God and his people was maintained by these covenants and it is an amazing privilege to be a human, much less a nation that finds itself blessed because of a covenant with the God of the universe. Let’s look at a few of the covenants of the Old Testament.
- Abrahamic: Genesis 12:3 “I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”
- Mosaic: Exodus 19-24; Deuteronomy 5:2-5 “The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. Not with our fathers did the LORD make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. The LORD spoke with you face to face at the mountain, out of the midst of the fire, while I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD.”
- Davidic: 2 Samuel 7:8-17
Each of these covenants build upon each other and it must be remembered that there is an Adamic covenant in Genesis 3 and a new covenant prophesied in the Old Testament that Jesus inaugurates himself. It is in the new covenant that all the other covenants culminate and find their “yes” in Jesus.
For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. That is why it is through him that we utter our Amen to God for his glory. (2 Corinthians 1:20 ESV)